Peripheral neuropathy can occur when nerves get damaged. More often than not, one experiences burning, numbness, and tingling. Over time, various part of the peripheral nervous system can be affected. Patients may have an impairment in balance which can lead to frequent falls. If the autonomic nervous system is damaged, patients often experience dizziness, changes in heart rate, as well as bowel and bladder issues. Overall, Diabetes appears to be the most common cause. Control of blood sugar is very important in treating this type of neuropathy. Other causes may include B vitamin Deficiencies, alcohol consumption, exposure to toxins, lupus and other autoimmune disease, cancer, liver and kidney disease, chemotherapy, and blood disorders.
A complete neurological examination and diagnostic testing is necessary for optimal treatment. Medication can provide symptomatic relief when needed.