Trigger point injections may be used to treat pain in some patients. Trigger points are given to painful areas of muscle which can cause referred pain. You may feel them under the skin as a knot. These trigger points can irritate nerves as well. The procedure involves an injection of anesthetic and steroid to the affected area. Dry needling can also be done as well which can be quite effective. The whole procedure usually takes a few minutes. Trigger point injections can be used to treat all types of pain. This includes back pain, neck pain, shoulder pain, leg pain etc. Most patients may only need 1-2 sessions for treatment. If symptoms do not resolve, then further evaluation and treatment is warranted at that time.
Trigger points themselves can be a primary muscle issue or can be secondary to trauma or other injuries. Injections at times may provide immediate relief or may take a few days to provide a full effect. Repeat injections may be necessary. After the procedure view may experience some soreness. Ice can be applied. Stretching may also help after the procedure.
How do trigger points develop?
Often injuries as well as repetitive activities can cause these problems. Poor posture is also implicated in those individuals who work behind a desk in front of a computer all day. Often, they may be more than one tender point involved. Common areas tend to be the neck, back, and shoulders.
What are the risks of trigger point injections?
The risk for this injection is usually very small. Bleeding is the most common complication. Often this is minimal. Infection may also occur but this is rare. Additionally, if injections are placed along the thorax a punctured lung is also possibility but again this is also extremely rare.